For weeks following the 2000 presidential election the world was gripped by the struggles between supporters of Texas Governor George W. Bush, and Vice President Al Gore, over who would become the forty-third president of the United States. It had been many generations since Americans experienced the distinctive drama of a post-election political fight for the presidency; it was also the first time events could be witnessed live by the nation twenty-four hours a day. The presidential dispute thus will stand as one of the generation’s most memorable moments. However, what made this saga unique in U.S. History was not the lingering question of who would be the next president. Rather, this dispute was different because the outcome was fundamentally shaped, if not completely determined, by judges.